Stoichiometry Problems

**Problem #1:** Given the following equation:

2C_{4}H_{10}+ 13O_{2}---> 8CO_{2}+ 10H_{2}O

show what the following molar ratios should be.

(a) C_{4}H_{10}/ O_{2}

(b) O_{2}/ CO_{2}

(c) O_{2}/ H_{2}O

(d) C_{4}H_{10}/ CO_{2}

(e) C_{4}H_{10}/ H_{2}O

**Solution:**

(a) 2 / 13

(b) 13 / 8

(c) 13 / 10

(d) 2 / 8 (or 1 / 4)

(e) 2 / 10 (or 1 / 5)

**Problem #2:** Given the following equation:

2KClO_{3}---> 2KCl + 3O_{2}

How many moles of O_{2} can be produced by letting 12.00 moles of KClO_{3} react?

**Solution:**

The KClO_{3}to O_{2}molar ratio is 2:3.2 mol KClO

_{3}/ 3 mol O_{2}= 12.00 mol KClO_{3}/ x = 18.00 mol.x = 18.00 mol of O

_{2}

**Problem #3:** Given the following equation:

2K + Cl_{2}---> 2KCl

(a) How many grams of KCl is produced from 2.50 g of K and excess Cl_{2}. (b) From 1.00 g of Cl_{2} and excess K?

**Solution:**

(a)(b)

**Problem #4:** Given the following equation:

Na_{2}O + H_{2}O ---> 2NaOH

(a)How many grams of NaOH is produced from 1.20 x 10^{2} grams of Na_{2}O? (b)How many grams of Na_{2}O are required to produce 1.60 x 10^{2} grams of NaOH?

**Solution:**

(a)(b)

**Problem #5:** Given the following equation:

8Fe + S_{8}---> 8FeS

(a) What mass of iron is needed to react with 16.0 grams of sulfur? (b) How many grams of FeS are produced?

**Solution:**

(a)(b)

**Problem #6:** Given the following equation:

2NaClO_{3}---> 2NaCl + 3O_{2}

(a) 12.00 moles of NaClO_{3} will produce how many grams of O_{2}? (b) How many grams of NaCl are produced when 80.0 grams of O_{2} are produced?

**Solution:**

(a)(b)

**Problem #7:** Given the following equation:

Cu + 2AgNO_{3}---> Cu(NO_{3})_{2}+ 2Ag

(a) How many moles of Cu are needed to react with 3.50 moles of AgNO_{3}? (b) If 89.5 grams of Ag were produced, how many grams of Cu reacted?

**Solution:**

(a)(b)

**Problem #8:** Molten iron and carbon monoxide are produced in a blast furnace by the reaction of iron(III) oxide and coke (pure carbon). If 25.0 kilograms of pure Fe_{2}O_{3} is used, how many kilograms of iron can be produced? The reaction is:

Fe_{2}O_{3}+ 3C ---> 2Fe + 3CO

**Solution:**

**Problem #9:** The average human requires 120.0 grams of glucose (C_{6}H_{12}O_{6}) per day. How many grams of CO_{2} (in the photosynthesis reaction) are required for this amount of glucose? The photosynthetic reaction is:

6CO_{2}+ 6H_{2}O ---> C_{6}H_{12}O_{6}+ 6O_{2}

**Solution:**

**Problem #10:** Given the reaction:

4NH_{3}(g) + 5O_{2}(g) ---> 4NO(g) + 6H_{2}O(ℓ)

When 1.20 mole of ammonia reacts, the total number of moles of products formed is:

(a) 1.20

(b) 1.50

(c) 1.80

(d) 3.00

(e) 12.0

**Solution:**

The correct answer is d.The NH

_{3}/ (NO + H_{2}O) molar ratio is 4:104 / 10 = 1.20 / x

x = 3.00 mol